Copyright Registration in Bangladesh (Cost & Procedure)
Copyright is one of the sub-division of intellectual property law. It is a group of exclusive monopoly rights given by the Copyright Law to the owner or creators or authors of the following works: literary (including computer programs); dramatic; musical; artistic works and producers of cinematograph films and sound recordings.
It also indicates the exclusive right to reproduce or authorize others to reproduce artistic, dramatic, literary or musical works. Copyright means the exclusive right to apply a design to any article in any class in which the design is registered.6 Further, copyright of a work is the exclusive right to multiply copies of the work, not merely a right to do so in common with others.
Filing to Smooth Registration Cost of a Copyright in Bangladesh
Timeline For filing: 7 Working days
Filing of a Copyright application to smooth registration including official fee, professional fee, Notarization, Legalization, VAT, Tax and Disbursement.
� Photograph of Applicant
� Declaration of Usefulness of the copyright
� Copies of the work to be registered
� Original POA with Notary
� Original Affidavit with Notary
� In case company: MOA, Business License (Trade License) Tax Identification Certificate Appointment letter (who did the work for the applicant)
Registration Process of a Copyright in Bangladesh
The Act of 2000 and the Copyrights Rules of 2006 set out the procedure for the registration of a copyright work. In order to get copyright registration, the author or publisher of, or the owner of, or other person interested in the copyright in any work can make an application to the Registrar for entering particulars of the work in the Register of Copyrights. The other steps for the registration are as follows:
Examination and Notice
Formality Examination & Substantive Examination:
The submitted applications are considered for substantive examination according to the Law, an examination of a design application is carried out automatically without a formal request being made.
If the Registrar receives any objection, he may after holding such inquiry as he deems fit, enter such particulars of work in the Register of Copyrights, and issue a certificate of such registration to the applicant. If he refuses to enter, he has to record in writing the reasons of refusal.
Duration of Copyright Protection
Copyright of the creator does not continue for the time of indefinitely. The law provides for a period of time or a duration, during which the rights of the copyright owner exist and at that time, the owner can exclusively enjoy the right. The duration begins from the date of creation of the work. The duration which extends to some period after the death of the author or creator with a view to enabling the author�s or creator�s successors to have economic benefits after his death and safeguarding the investments made in the production and dissemination of his works.
In those countries who are the party to the Berne Convention, and in many other countries except the member of Berne Convention, the duration of copyright provided for by national law is the life of the author and not less than fifty years after the death of the author. In recent years, a tendency has emerged towards lengthening the term of protection.
In Bangladesh the term of copyright varies according to the nature of the work and whether the author is a natural person or a legal person e.g. a corporation, Government Institution, etc., or whether the work is anonymous or pseudonymous. Sections 24-38 of the 2000 Act deal with the term of protection as follows:
(1) in cases of literary, artistic, musical, dramatic works, the terms is 60 years from the beginning of the calendar years next following the year in which the author dies (Life + 60 years);
(2) in cases of photograph, the term is 60 years from the beginning of calendar year next following the year in which the photograph is published (60 years from publication);
(3) in case of cinematographic film, the term is 60 years following the year in which the film is published (60 years from publication);
(4) in cases of Govt. works, it is 60 years from publication (60 years from publication);
(5) in cases of local authority, the term is 60 years from first publication (60 years from first publication);
(6) in case of sound recordings, it is 60 years from publication (60 years from publications);
(7) in case of works of international organizations, the term is 60 years from 1st publication (60 years from first publication);
(8) in case of broadcasting, the term is 25 years from the beginning of the calendar year next following the year in which the broadcasting is made (25 years from broadcasting);
(9) in case of performance, it is 50 years from the beginning of the year next following the year in which the performance is made (50 years from the first performance is made);
(10) in case of published edition (typographical arrangement), the term is 25 years from the beginning of the calendar year next following the year in which the edition is first published (25 years from the first publication);
(11) in case of joint authorship of a work, the term will be 60 years from the death of last surviving author (60 years from death of the last surviving author).
Apart from the protection of above-mentioned works, Copyright Act also provides for the protection of broadcast reproduction rights for a term of twenty years from the beginning of the calendar year next following the year in which the broadcast is and protection of performer�s rights, which extends to fifty years from the beginning of the calendar year next following the year in which the performance is made.
Who can apply for a copyright registration?
Who is the Owner of the Copyright?
- If the author is employed by newspaper, magazine, etc. under a contract of service, the proprietor will be the first owner in the absence of an agreement to the contrary in the case of a literary, dramatic or artistic work.
- Where a photograph is taken or a painting or portrait drawn or an engraving or a cinematograph film made for valuable consideration at the instance of a person, such person is the first owner.
- Where any address or speech is delivered in public, the person delivering such address or speech is the first owner of it but another will be the first owner if it is made on behalf of him.
- In case of government work, the government is the first owner.
- In case of a work made or published by or under the direction or the control of any local authority, such authority is the first owner.
- In case of a work made or published to which, the provisions of section 68 of this Act, apply, by or under the direction or the control of any international organization, such organization is the first owner.
- In case of a computer program, the person or persons or institution appointed for creating the program, will be the first owner.
What are the conditions for Getting Copyright Protection in Bangladesh?
- In the case of published work, it has to be published first in Bangladesh but if it is first published30 in foreign country, the author must be a citizen of Bangladesh or domicile in Bangladesh at the date of publication, or where the author is dead at the time of publication and the work is published after his death, the author must be a citizen of Bangladesh or domicile in Bangladesh at the time of his death. It is important to note that if any work is published in Bangladesh and any other country simultaneously, the work should be considered to be first published in Bangladesh. The work shall be considered to be simultaneously published if the difference of days between the publication in Bangladesh and publication in any:
- In case of unpublished work, the author is on the date of making of the work a citizen of Bangladesh or domicile in Bangladesh. This does not apply to works of architecture.
- In the case of cinematographic work, the office or residence of the produce must be in Bangladesh at the time of making the work, the office or residence of the producer must be in Bangladesh at the time of making the whole or substantial part of the work.
- In the case of any architectural artistic work, the work must be located in Bangladesh.